Situated on the north bank of Kaljani River, Alipurduar is a subdivision municipal town under Jalpaiguri District. The town is a gateway to Bhutan and North Eastern states of India. Alipurduar derives its name from the late Col. Hedayat Ali Khan who did admirable service in the Bhutan war and was stationed here as first Extra-Assistant Commissioner.
Alipurduar is the easternmost important town of West Bengal before you enter Assam. It is a very old trading center and had a trading route popularly known as 'Silk Route' with Bhutan and Tibet. The remains of the traditional route are still visible in Santarabari. There is a big railway colony in Alipurduar with a division headquarter of North-East frontier railway. It is a very important railway junction that connects Kolkata in the south and New Delhi and Guwahati in the north and east respectively.
There has been a long standing demand by the local people to declare the town and its surrounding area as a separate district. In the recent past there has been move by political organisations in this direction. Alipurduar becoming a district seems to be only a matter of time now.