The name Arunachal Pradesh literally means the state where the sun rises. It is one of the easternmost states of India sharing three international borders, on the west with Bhutan, on the North with Tibet and on the east with Tibet and Burma / Myanmar. Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state in the North East India with a total area of 83743 sq km roughly similar in size of Austria or UAE or the state of West Bengal in India.
The State is most famous for the prettiest mountains, tranquil high altitude lakes forests and its people. There are 26 major tribes in Arunachal and a large number of sub tribes. The major tribes of the state include Adi, Apatani, Bugun, Galo, Hrusso, Jingpho, Khamba, Mishmi, Monpa, Nyishi and many others. The varied culture and festivals of the tribal people also attracts tourists to the state.
Arunachal Pradesh also offers unlimited opportunities for adventure activities such as trekking, boating, rafting, angling etc.
The entire state of Arunachal Pradesh is mountainous and scarcely populated. The state has the least population density in the country with average density of 13 persons per square kilometre. During the recent past there has been some migration from other parts of the country to Arunachal thus slightly increasing the population.
Most tourists visit the Western Part of Arunachal in the Tawang – Bomdila sector. But there is an increasing interest among visitors for the other parts of Arunachal. The state is one of the most peaceful states in India and there is no problem with insurgency or other law and order related issues in the state.
The state is considered to be the botanists’ paradise. There are more than 500 varieties of orchids available in the state. It is also a paradise for the ornithologists. There are 25 important bird areas in the state. More common birding destinations include Namdapha National Park, Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary, Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Sessa Wildlife Sanctuary, Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary etc.
Geographically the largest state of North East is also one of the least populated in India. According to 2011 census, Arunachal Pradesh has a population density of just 17/square km which is the lowest for any state. As per census of 2011 total population of the state stands at about 1.4 million.
Most of the people of the state belongs to aboriginal tribes. They include Monpa, Apatani, Nyishi, Galo, Aka and many other tribes. Each tribe has different culture and tradition.
The state also has a substantial population of migrants from rest of India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Migrants are legally not allowed to stay in Arunachal for the long term. But many do migrate because business or other interests.