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Positioned at a yonder of 24 km from Guwahati in the Kamrup district of Assam, Hajo reclines on the banks of Brahmaputra. Hajo is a salient pilgrimage cynosure for three religions Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism. Hajo is reckoned with as the most important pilgrimage site of Assam and northeast India. It is at this place that Hindus, Muslims and Buddhists converge for their respective pilgrimages as Hajo is home to 'Hayagriva Madhava Mandir' which is a temple of both Hindus and Buddhists, and 'Poa Mecca' which is a place of Muslim pilgrimage. Innumerable Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim pilgrims and tourists from all over Assam and India visit Hajo throughout the year.

Etymology

Owing to the 'Bodo' populace in the Hajo region, the place acquires its name from the Bodo patois - 'Ha' denoting land and 'Gajou' denoting 'high'. Nonetheless, there is one more variant to it. Being an essential place of Muslim pilgrimage, some Muslims connect a tour to the town of Hajo with 'Haj' pilgrimage in Mecca and that is how this region came to be known as 'Hajo'. Few Buddhists conjectures that Lord Buddha had spend his last in this region and his followers squalled and bawled in affliction - 'Ha-ju’ denotes 'setting of the sun' and that is how this region got its name 'Hajo'. Hajo is not only a significant fulcrum of Assam with bygone shrines, primeval temples, monuments, traditional crafts and sacred artifacts but additionally for its notability in multifaceted aspects.

It was known as a prominent cynosure of culture and erudition in the past. Hajo also served as the bivouac of the Mohammadans during the invasions of Assam and was incorporated in the 'Koch' kingdom. The place finds acknowledgement in the Mahabharata. The Pandavas took refuge at this place at the juncture of their agyatvas or the epoch when they had to hide themselves. The stone bowl utilized by the second Pandava, Bhima, in the time of the agyatvas can be traced here.

Hajo and Bell Industry

It is at present one of the significant hub of Community Development. Hajo is renowned all over Asia by itself and relishes the stature of existing as the Head Quarter of the acclaimed and primeval bell metal industry. Bell metal and brass commodities of Hajo fetch a substantial market efficacy as collector’s item and furthermore as traditional house hold merchandise. The Kahars and Morias of Hajo are involved in brass and bell metal works both for the deities and at the same time for the utilization of the ordinary folks. Hajo endures exhibiting the prowess of artisans prolonged in wood work, Silversmith, Goldsmith, pottery and weaving. Hajo is also well-known for its fishing industry. Fish farming is a significant métier endorsed by the coterie of fishermen. 

Hajo and Horticulture

Hajo is also known for Horticulture. Folks of Hajo cultivate flowers not solely for aesthetic perception but at the same time for grossing their everyday bread. This professional flower culture is inseparably connected with the temple culture and mirrors the predilection and aesthetic perception of the folks. A section known as the 'Malis' are involved in the flower culture. Even exterior to the community, the flower trade has proliferated in the region.

Best Time To Visit Hajo

The best time to visit Hajo is from October to April.

Places Close to Hajo

Guwahati, Barpeta and Bongaigaon.

Getting There

By Air
The nearest airport is Guwahati or Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport which is 40 kilometers southwest of Hajo.

By Rail
Nearest railway station is Guwahati Railway Station.

Fakuwa Dol

Another temple in the vicinity of Hayagriva Madhava Temple is a stepped construction familiar as the Fakuwa Dol, which does not bear resemblance of any traditional type of Hindu temple architecture. The foothill of this hill comprises a pond with innumerable fishes and the visitants acquire added gratification by enticing them with edibles. 

Ganesh Mandir

The Ganesh Temple is also denominated as Deva Bhavana and is regarded as one of the significant enticements of Hajo. In accordance with the legend, this place was formerly the meeting spot of all deities.

Hajo Powa Mecca

Hajo is also a hub Muslim pilgrimage since the mosque avowed as the Poa Mecca which means one-fourth of Mecca. It is supposed that by preferring invocation, a devoted benefits one-fourth or Poa spiritual enlightenment of what all could be benefitted at Mecca. A holy expedition to this shrine is regarded to be tantamount to a quarter of the veneration procured by a Haj pilgrimage to Mecca. Upright on top of the Garurachal Hill, it is notable as Pir Giasuddin Auliya's tomb, who was the spearhead of Islam in this part of the globe. Albeit located at the pinnacle of a towering hill, Poa Mecca can be visited by a light vehicle via a proper convoluted road. This mosque was constructed in 1657 AD by Sujauddin Mohammed Shah, in the reign of the eminent Mughal Emperor Shahjahan. Nevertheless a Persian epigraph at the location suggests that the actual masjid of Poa Mecca established by Mir Lutfulla-e-Siraj in 1657 during the rule of Emperor Shah Jahan does not exist at present. It is postulated that Powa Mecca was established from the earth that was fetched from the city of Mecca. In the months of March and April, thousands of Hindu and Muslim devotees congregate here to celebrate the festival of "Urs". The dargah is notable for its preternatural superhuman therapeutic powers. So people of all faiths make oblations at the tomb and tie a thread to a vicinal tree or post in order to acquire the accomplishment of their prayers. Over the hundred years, the dargah has consequently developed into a representation of conviction and communal concord.

Kedareswara Temple

It is located on top of the Madanachala hill in Hajo. It is assumed that Kedareswara or the Kedara Shiva is one of the primeval temples in the country. This is a Shiva temple with inscriptions demonstrating it to be constructed during the Rajeswar Singha epoch. As the name evinces, it is a Shiva temple and historically it finds its initial implication in the Jogini Tantra and the Kalika Purana. It has a mammoth linga called Svayambhu linga constructed of stone as the main shrine. The linga is invariably covered with a big metal bowl and gives the impression of being an Ardhanarishvara form of Lord Shiva. Formerly it was a hub of Madhavana adoration..

Dhoparguri Satra

Dhoparguri Satra is a renowned sacred place in the momentous town of Hajo. The Dhoparguri Satra was established in the year 1587 by Saint Madhavdeva the greatest follower of Srimanta Sankardeva who is said to have introduced Vaishnavism to Assam and is considered as the countenance of Vaishnavism in Assamese culture. Each year  humongous number of adherents from all around Assam and also other areas of the country sojourn in the Dhoparguri Satra to pay their reverence. It was initially a three-room satra, at the time of its establishment, but at present it is accoutered with a number of holy spots like Vikrana, Gokrana, and Swargdwar. It is an immensely esteemed shrine for the inhabitants as well as for the tourists.

Kamesware Temple

Kamesware Temple is a sacred area in Hajo, which was established in the 18th century by Ahom King Pramatta Singha. With the progress of time, the actual identity of the temple, as a hub of Madan Kamadev worship was defunct and it was proselytize into temple of Lord Shiva. The shiva lingam situated in this temple is akin to the calanta idol of Kedar Siva.

Joy Durga

Joy Durga Temple is a significant Hindu temple devoted for reverence of Goddess Durga. On the temple altar there is a ten armed stone image of the Goddess. The temple was established in the epoch 1774 AD by King Lakshminath Singha, the reigning king of Ahom Dynasty. 

Madan Kamdev Temple

This temple is situated at a distance of  42 km east from Hajo. It is located atop the Dewangiri Hillock. It is one of the primeval Hindu temples of Kamrup Dynasty. Madan Kamdev is an archaeological spot where aphrodisiac effigies are found. There is a museum which hoards archaeological unearthing of the place.

Hayagriva Madhava Temple is located on the top of Monikut hill. Apart from being one of the renowned temples of Hajo, this place is also a hub for most of the socio-cultural life. The temple was established in 1583 by King Raghudeva Narayan. As claimed by some historians it was established in the 6th century by the King of Pala dynasty. It is a stone temple that enshrines an image of Hayagriva Madhava and the temple approachable via a prolonged stone stairway. At the bottom of the stairway is a huge pond ensconced by one of Hajo's oldest residents, which is a giant turtle.  Some Buddhists surmise that it is the place where the Buddha procured Nirvana. At this spectacular temple, the presiding deity is revered by the Hindus as the Narasimha (half-man/half-lion) embodiment of Lord Vishnu which rather closely bears a resemblance to the one in Jagannath Temple in (Puri, Orissa).

The temple comprises of three sections, the high basement, the middle portion, and the Sikhara. The rows of elephants are descried on the body of the temple and they are laudable examples of Assamese art. The basement moulding closely resembles the ornamental style of Ellora's Kailasa cave temple. The garbhagriha of the temple enshrines the five incarnations or Pancha Madhab of Vishnu. The image of the principal deity Hayagriva Madhava is at the centre flanked by Radha-Govinda and Basudeva on the left and Jagannath and Garuda on the right. The upper walls outside of the temple comprises of  life-size carved figures. Buddha is portrayed as the ninth of the ten avataras, whereas the rest of the figures are non-descriptive , but they are mostly male and almost all figures bear a Trisula or trident. The main priest of the temple is denominated as Dalai. He is chosen amidst the native priests and endures the duty till his demise. He lives in a large house located at the bottom of the hill, beneath the temple.

Amidst the numerous practices and customs that are associated with this sacred shrine, the Bulbuli Juj is one of the fascinating jollity noticed here on the  occasion of Maghor Dumahi when the months of Magh and Puh get merged. Maghor Dumahi is similar to Makar Sankranti festival and the Bulbuli birds tussle at the Madhava temple that entices the crowd. There is a local myth that Swargadeo Pramatta Singha, while on his sojourn to the Hayagriva Madhava Temple, observed a pair of Bulbuli birds engaged in a tussle in the temple area. Accordingly he instructed to hold the Bulbuli bird fights every consecutive year in Magh Bihu, a tradition which the folks of Hajo prolonged till present. 

There is a large pond recognized as Madhab Pukhuri nearby the temple. Festivals like Doul ,Bihu and Janmastami are celebrated each year in the temple. The temple preaches both Hinduism and Buddhism that entices Buddhist Monks from distant places. A smaller temple was constructed nearby by Ahom king Pramatta Singh where Doul is celebrated on a grand scale every year.

The rule of Swargadeo Pramatta Singha was conspicuous of tranquility and prosperity of the Ahom Kingdom. He established various buildings in Hajo, which incorporates a Ganesh temple as well as the Fakuwa Dol, situated near the Hayagriva Madhava Temple, where the festival of Holi is celebrated every year.

Map of Hajo

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