Kaziranga National Park is home for the Asiatic one horned Rhinoceros, Tigers, Elephants and a large number of other wildlife. About 70% of the world population of one horned Rhinos dwell here. Kaziranga is also known to be the preying field for the famous Bengal Tigers. The National park harbours 60% of Indias wild buffalo population apart from a large number of Swamp Deer, turtles and tortoises, Leopards, Fishing Cats, Civets, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog Deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Gangetic Dolphin and Otter.
Kaziranga National Park has evolved into a tiger reserve in 2007 encompassing an area of 1002 square kms with Tiger and Rhino as main flagship species.
Important features of the National Park
1. According the recent census the population of One horned Rhino (Rhinoceros Unicornis) is 2048 at Kaziranga (2009 census), the highest in the world.
2. It has the highest ecological density of Tigers (Panthera Tigris) of 86 (as per year 2000 census).
3. The forest has world's largest population of Asiatic Wild Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) (1937 as per 2008 census) 1250 Elephants, 1430 Wild Buffalo and about 500 Swamp Deer.
4. The forests are home for last surviving population of Eastern Swamp Deer (Rucervus duvaucelii ranjitsinhi). They number 681 as per 2007 census.
5. It is one of the most Important Birding area of India with nearly 500 bird species. About 25 of them are considered threatened. The Baza, Bengal Florican, Hornbills, Osprey are among the endangered bird species.
6. There is a significant population of Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus). According to 2008 census the population of Elephant is 1293 at Kaziranga
Jorhat is the nearest airport although Guwahati airport about 240 kms away is much better connected to the rest of India. If you are travelling by train, Guwahati would again be the most convenient point to alight. From Guwahati to Kaziranga NP is about 220 kms and takes between 4 to 5 hours depending on present road condition.
Kaziranga is a World Heritage site for its important role in natural conservation. It is given the status of World Heritage Site by the UN under criteria IX and X
Criterion IX - Outstanding example of representing significant ongoing ecological and biological processes in evolution and development of plants and animals.
Criterion X - Significant natural habitat for bio-diversity conservation including threatened species of outstanding universal value.