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Silchar is the cultural blend city of Assam. It has the largest population of Bengali speaking people yet a colorful box of  Assamese, Marwari, Manipuri and Dimasa Kachari (a tribe with interesting history). What makes the collection so vibrant is the geographical location of this city. Silchar is situated in southern Assam district of Cachar on the banks of Barak River. It is an important junction connecting Tripura, Mizoram and Manipur. Trade and commerce in tea, rice and other agricultural products has stabilized the economy of the city and thus we see influx and colorful mixture of cultures here. Silchar is the headquarters of Cachar district and second largest municipality in Assam. Coveniances of modern life, historic ruins of ancient capital and natural beauty has transformed the city into a tourism destination. At a little distance from Silchar are the ruins of one of the oldest and powerful kingdoms of Assam-Kachari. They ruled southern Assam from 13th Century A.D to 19th Century A.D. The district Cachar is named after this kingdom.

The Kachari Kings

Kachari Kings were believed to be the lineage of Ghatotkacha, son of Bheem in Mahabharata. In ancient India, Pandavas were said to visit medieval Assam during their exile from Hastinapur (an ancient city). During their visit, they came around the kingdom of Kachari where Bheem fell in love with Kachari princess Hidimbi (sister of King Hidimba). In order to marry the princess Bheem had to kill the King. He married Hidimbi and became the King of Kachari Kingdom. Unfortunately, a higher purpose called him and he left the kingdom after making his son, Ghatotkacha, the king of Kachari Kingdom. Since then the blood line passed down among the members of royal family.

Kachari Kingdom is a marvel for the historians. It is not only the oldest but also the longest ruled kingdom of Assam. Its origin can be traced back to 13th Century, after which the kingdom remained functional till the intrusion of British in 1854. Kachari rulers belonged to an ethnic group called Dimasa (Dimasa are one of the oldest inhabitants of Northeastern Region). They initially started their kingdom on the banks of Daiyang but ruled mostly in present Dima-Hasao region of Assam. The capitals were shifted often because of the hostility with neighboring rulers, including Ahom. However, they were one of the most powerful kingdoms of Assam.

Silchar is one of those places in India which experiences pleasant climate throughout the year.

How To Reach

Airport

Silchar Airport is located at Kumbhirgram, 22 kilometers from the city. The airport has connecting flights to Guwahati and Kolkata.

Railway

Silchar Railway Station is situated in Tarapur. It connects major stations like Lumding, Agartala and Dharmanagar but trains are not very regular.

Road

Silchar is connected with Guwhati (320 Kms) via NH 44. NH 53 connects Silchar with Imphal, capital of Manipur (275 kms) and NH 54 connects to Aizwal, capital of Mizoram (175 kms).

Khaspur

Khaspur was the fourth capital of Kachari Kingdom after Maibang.This location is 20 kilometers from Silchar and contains the ruins of Kachari palace and temple. The palace was constructed in 1690 A.D.Although most of the palace is transformed to boulder ruins, the main entrance named ‘Suryadwar Debalaya’ is still intact.

Bhubaneswar Temple

Bhubaneswar Temple is a laudable Shiva temple of South Assam. It is at a driving distance of 50 kilometers from the town of Silchar. The temple is located on the peak of a small hill which is accessible only through feet. This feature attracts hikers for small adventure. The temple houses the idol of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati .The temple attracts large crowd of pilgrims on Shivaratri who fear not to climb the hills to pay homage to their patron Lord Shiva and Goddesses Parvati.

Maniharan Tunnel

Maniharan Tunnel is located 5 kilometers north of Bhubaneswar Temple in Bhuvani Hills. This place is a religious site because the legend says that Lord Krishna used the tunnel during his visit to Assam. The holy river of Triveni flows underneath the tunnel. Pilgrims come to this place to take a dip into the waters and seek blessings of Lord Krishna.

Martyr’s Tomb

Marty’s Tomb in Gandhi Bag is a place where 11 tombs of language martyr’s are constructed in memory of Language Movement of 1961.Assamese government was resolute to keep Assamese as the official language of Assam inspite of the large concentration of Bengali speaking people in different regions of same. The protests against this adamant behavior of government result in the killing of 11 martyrs by police. The ‘samadhi’ of the brave soldiers of language was constructed here in 1964.

Shri Kancha Kanti Kali Temple

Shri Kancha Kanti Kali Temple is another celebrated temple of Silchar. It is 15 kilometers drive from Silchar on the way to Kumbhirgram Airport. The temple signifies the union of Goddess Kali and Durga. Legend says, that a Kachari King dreamed of Goddess Kali asking him to build an idol of four-armed goddess. Following the instruction of Devi Kali he constructed a temple and built a golden idol of the Goddess in 1806.The old temple was destroyed due to some natural forces and a new one was constructed on its place. It is believed to be a wish-fulfilling temple.

Hindustan Paper Mill

Hindustan Paper Mill of Panchgram is one of the biggest paper mill of Asia. It was constructed by Moinul Haq Choudhary in 1960s.The paper mill is visited for picnic tours because of the beautiful greenery surrounding this place.

Map of Silchar

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