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The Buxa Fort is one of the prime attractions of Buxa Tiger reserve. It is located on a hilltop about 30 km from Alipurduar town. The fort area is famous for the ruins of the Detention Camp used by the British Government for detaining freedom fighters of our country; located at an altitude of 2600ft above see level the Buxa Duar is a popular hiking  destination.

Hiking to Buxa Fort

Buxa fort is about 30 kms from Alipurduar town and about 18 kms from Rajabhatkhawa. From Rajabhatkhawa, you have to enter the forest and drive for about 14 kms to reach Suntalabari. From here a trek of about 4 kms will take you to the fort. The trek route is well marked with viewpoints and shades on the way. It is also quite safe and can be used during any time of day or night although night trek must be undertaken with supervision of experienced guide only.

Most people hiking to Buxa fort are fresher. On your way you will come across middle aged women in Saris or infants riding on their parents back. So if you are reasonably fit, don’t be intimidated by the hike. The first half of the hike is steeper and often exasperating for a fresher. But if you take small steps and plenty of breaks eventually you will reach the fort within a maximum time of 2 to 3 hours.

Historical evidence about the construction of the fort is not conclusive. Some experts suggest the fort was created by the Tibetan occupants, whereas some others suggest it being constructed by the Kamtapuri kings during the seventh century AD.

The fort remained the boarder between the Cooch kingdom and Bhutanese kingdom. For many years it was under the occupancy of the Cooch kings. Later it came under the Bhutanese kings who used it to guard their trade route which spread throughout the eastern side of Tista and upto Sikkim.

The British came into the possession of the fort in 1865 with the Sinchula treaty. The British rulers found the fort useful to keep freedom fighters captive. The dense forests and lack of transportation to the fort made it a very secure prison. It is often compared to the cellular jail of Andaman due to its inaccessibility. During the 1930’s the British reconstructed part of the fort and put up a number of freedom fighters here including Sri Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. 

Today the fort remains in ruins and is home to Snakes, Birds and a variety of wild life.

As you cross the ground between the small village and the fort, a strange feeling of watching history would grasp you. The fort has witnessed many a war between the Tibetan, Bhutanese and the Cooch over more than thousand years. Many freedom fighters have fought with ever present malaria and wild animal and given their life at this very spot.

Near the entrance to the fort you will find a marble plaque on which a few lines are written in Bengali. In 1931 the great poet Rabindranath was in Darjeeling from where he wrote an inspiring lines about the Buxa fort inmates. These are the lines engraved on the plaque.

Lepchakha is a village about half an hours walk from Buxa fort. There are home stay accommodation available at Lepchakha. You may visit there and return to Buxa fort or stay overnight at Lepchakha itself. Get in touch with naturebeyond executive to book a home stay there. The Lepchakha village is on top of a plateau overlooking almost the entire Buxa forest range as well as higher mountains of Buxa and Bhutan.

A number of treks also originate at Buxa fort. One trek takes you to Rovers point and brings you back through Lepchakha. A second trek can take you to Raymatang forest through Chunabhatti area. A third trek will take you to Mahakal Temple on the Indo-Bhutan boarder before bringing you back to Jayanti. All the treks are of 2 to 3 day duration. naturebeyond organises these treks on a regular basis for its discerning guests. Get in touch with our guest service executive for further information on these treks.

Map of Buxa Fort

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