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Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary, South Sikkim

Bird in the Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary

Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary is situated just above the Tendong Hill in the Northern Corner of the South District. The sanctuary can be reached from Ravangla, which is only at a distance of 26 kilometers. It is 65 Kms from Gangtok, the capital town of Sikkim.

Landscape and Attraction:
"Maenam-la"- the term stands for the treasure house of the medicines. The name suggests a rich collection of different medicinal plants available is the region.
This sanctuary is famous for two reasons. Trekking and rich forest covers teeming with high altitude rare Himalayan species. This temperate forest shelters Red Panda, Goral, Serow, Barking Deer, Marbled-Cat, Leopard-Cat, Civet-Cats, Blood Pheasant, Common Hill Partridge, Magpies, Black Eagle, Blue necked Pitta, Sunbirds and different other types of animals and birds.

The sanctuary occupies an area of 36.43 square kilometers. The altitude of the sanctuary ranges between 2300 meters to 3263 meters. The streams which originated in the eastern side of the sanctuary come to an end in the in the Teesta River and those which lies in the western flank gradually drains into the Rangit River. The sanctuary possesses a grandstand view of the Tista River flowing far below a through unreachable gorge.

A fabulous trek to Maenam Peak and further to Bhaledunga originates from Ravangla passing through the virgin track of alpine forest with a commanding view of Kunchenjungha snow peaks. Many tourists come to visit the sanctuary to get the taste of adventure in terms of trekking. The trek from Maenam to Ravangla will take about 4 hours. There is another trek route of Maenam to Borong village. The best season for trekking in this region starts from March and continues to the end of May.

On the top ridge of the sanctuary there is a historical Buddhist Monastery named Maenam Gumpha. The Queen of Sikkim set this up in 1969. Apart this there is a temple of Lord Shiva, which is worshiped by the local villagers. For the villagers this is a sacred place.


The climate of the Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary is basically wet and moist. The average rainfall of the forest is over 300 cm. During the winter there is a regular snowfall in the higher areas of the sanctuary. The time between Novembers to May is the best period to view snow peaks as the sky remains clear.


The best way to stay in the sanctuary is tent as no permanent accommodation is available. The trekkers can also explore the sanctuary based in Ravangla, where the option of hotels is available.

Map of Maenam WLS

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